On Eagle's Wings: The Story of the Parkes Apollo 11 Support
References and Acknowledgements


My gratitude to Professor Marcus Price, Officer-in-Charge of the Parkes Observatory in 1997, for asking me to research the Observatory's support of the Apollo 11 mission, and to Dr John Reynolds, Officer-in-Charge in 2001, for extending continued support.


Bolton, J.G. 1973. 'Support of the Apollo Missions to the Moon'. CSIRO Division of Radiophysics brochure on Research Activities 1973.

Goddard, D.E. & Haynes, R. (Editors). 1994. 'Pioneering a New Astronomy: Papers in memory of John G. Bolton'. Australian Journal of Physics Vol.47, Number 5, 1994

Goddard, D.E. & Milne, D.K. (Editors). 1994. 'Parkes: Thirty Years of Radio Astronomy'. (John Bolton's account of the Apollo Missions. pages 134-137). CSIRO.

Kelly, H.W. 1969. 'Apollo Mission Communications: Said the Spider in the Sky'. Electronics Australia, August 1969.

Lindsay, H. 'Tracks to the Moon'. Extracts from Hamish Lindsay's unpublished book received by the author in 1998.

Robinson, P. 1992. 'Beyond Southern Skies: Radio Astronomy and the Parkes Telescope'. Cambridge University Press. 1992.

Other Acknowledgements and Resources:

1. Parkes Telescope Observing Log Book. Entries for June and July 1969.

2. Honeysuckle Creek Log Book. Entry for 21 July 1969.

3. Videotapes of telerecorded footage provided courtesy of NASA Johnson Space Center. Thank you to Kathleen Richard, Librarian from the Media Resource Center.

4. Videotapes of telerecorded excerpts of the ABC's Australian broadcast of the Apollo 11 lunar EVA. Thank you to Charles Sammut from ABC Video Sales, Gore Hill, Sydney.

5. Original video recording of the international broadcast of the Apollo 11 lunar EVA. Thank you to Andrew Constantine, Education Officer at Sydney Observatory, for providing the tapes.

6. Audio recording of NASA's NET 2 communications loop. Thank you to Mike Dinn for providing the tape.

7. Apollo 11 audio downlink provided courtesy of NASA Johnson Space Center. Thank you to Carlos Fontanot, Gayle Frere and Bob Roberts of the Public Affairs Office.

8. Correspondence from Mike Dinn to Dr Ron Ekers of the CSIRO ATNF. Dated 28 November 1991.

9. Correspondence from John Bolton to Mike Dinn. Dated 11 December 1991.

10. Parkes Champion Post. Articles in the local Parkes district newspaper, 1969.

11. The Sydney Morning Herald. News stories carried by the paper in 1969.

12. Information supplied by, and interviews with, Hamish Lindsay. Hamish Lindsay was a Senior Technical Officer at Honeysuckle Creek in July 1969. He also, kindly granted permission to reproduce extracts from his unpublished book 'Tracks to the Moon'.

13. Interviews with, and correspondence received by, Richard Holl. Richard was the Bendix Field Engineering Corp. engineer stationed at the OTC Paddington terminal and was the Parkes scan-converter operator and designer.

14. Information supplied by, and interviews with, Mike Dinn. Mike was the Deputy Director of Operations at Honeysuckle Creek in July 1969.

15. Interview with, and correspondence received by, Dr Jasper Wall. Jasper was John Bolton's PhD student at Parkes in 1969.

16. Interviews with Neil 'Fox' Mason. Fox was the driver at the controls of the Parkes telescope on 21 July 1969.

17. Interviews with Dr David Cooke. David was the Senior Receiver Engineer at Parkes in 1969.

18. Information supplied by Dr Bruce MacA Thomas. Bruce was the antenna engineer who designed the innovative Apollo feed horns.

19. Interview with Richard Nafzger. Richard was an engineer with the Manned Flight Engineering Division of the Goddard Spaceflight Centre, and was responsible for all ground systems hardware in support of TV.

20. Information supplied by, and interviews with, Bill Butler. Bill was the Senior Technical Officer responsible for the PDP-9 Computer at Parkes in July 1969, and was also a telescope driver during the cruise to the Moon of Apollo 11.

21. Interview with Dr John Shimmins. John was the Deputy Director of Parkes Observatory in 1969.

22. Interview with Brian Coote. Brian was the PMG Senior Technical Officer stationed in the Parkes control room on 21 July 1969.

23. Information supplied by, and interviews with, Gordon Bennett. Gordon was the PMG Technical Officer stationed at the Mt Coonambro relay station on 21 July 1969.

24. Conversations with Mrs Letty Bolton.

25. Conversation with Don Grey. Don was the Director of the Tidbinbilla tracking station in July 1969.

26. Conversations with Ben Lam. Ben was the site electrician in 1969, and was also a telescope driver during the cruise to the Moon of Apollo 11.

27. Interviews with John Saxon. John was at the desk at Honeysuckle Creek on 21 July 1969. He was a Senior Technical Officer and was Mike Dinn's assistant.

28. Interview with Tom Reid. Tom was the Director in charge of the Honeysuckle Creek station in 1969.

29. Interview with Kevin Gallegos. Kevin was a Technical Officer at Honeysuckle Creek in 1969. He was responsible for the S-Band Data Demodulation System. His call sign was 'SUDS'.

30. Interviews with Ed von Renouard. Ed was the Video Technician at Honeysuckle Creek in July 1969.

31. Interviews with Bob Goodman. Bob was the International Co-ordinator of all OTC transmissions between Australia and the USA. He was present in the OTC Paddington terminal during the EVA.

32. Interviews with Kevyn Westbrook. Kevyn was the Director of the NASA Communications Centre (NASCOM) located in the PMG Canberra Telephone Exchange at Deakin in 1969.

33. Correspondence received from Bill Wood. Bill was the Lead Video Engineer at Goldstone in July 1969.

34. Correspondence received from Stan Lebar. Stan was the Program Manager for the Westinghouse Apollo Lunar Surface Camera.

35. Video of ABC News program interview with Charles Goodman. Thanks to Debra Choate of Working Dog Productions for supplying the video footage.

36. Film 'Parkes Receiving' by Ken Nash of CSIRO's Radiophysics Division. Thanks to Helen Sim and Lucia Gambaro-Bromley of the CSIRO's Australia Telescope National Facility for providing the footage.

37. Photographs by John Masterson and Ken Nash. John and Ken were the senior photographers of the CSIRO's Radiophysics Division.

38. Information supplied by Peter A. Pokorny. Peter was a Group Leader with OTC/Telstra Perth TTCM (1995-1997). He supplied the author with the Electronics Australia article on the Apollo S-Band Communication System.

39. National Film and Sound Archive, Canberra. Thanks to Tamara Osicka for providing the Australian News and Information Service footage of 'Moon Shoot'.

40. Stewart Duff and Mark Greentree of CTIP. Stewart and Mark digitised many of John Masterson's and Ken Nash's original photographs used in this report.

41. Mark Greentree of CTIP. Mark had the NASA and Australian Information Service videos converted to MPEGS.

42. Information provided by Allan Hullett. Allan was the ABC TV Supervising Engineer in Perth directly involved in the Apollo 11 transmission. Thanks to Derric Wright and Tim Law for contacting Allan.

43. NASA web pages related to the Apollo missions.

44. The Apollo 11 Lunar Surface Journal. Web pages maintained by Eric M. Jones.

45. Andrew Hunt. Andrew is the Senior Computer Systems Engineer at Parkes Observatory. He digitised and processed the audio tapes.

Comments to: John Sarkissian